A project spearheaded by Johnson C. Smith University (JCSU) aims to create a virtual reconstruction of Charlotte’s African American neighborhoods before the displacement brought by “urban renewal” projects in the 1960s and 1970s.
Created in 1957, the Charlotte Redevelopment Commission was charged with projects which cleared urban areas of Charlotte but also with projects for rehabilitation of declining older neighborhoods. The organization's name changed several times during its lifespan (from Urban Redevelopment Department, to Community Development, and finally to Neighborhood Development). The areas where these urban development projects took place were Belmont, Brooklyn, Cherry, Dilworth, Downtown, First Ward, Greenville, North Charlotte, Third Ward, and Wilmore. By far the largest of these areas were the Brooklyn and Greenville areas. The first demolition took place in 1961. The Redevelopment Commission passed primary responsibility for the urban renewal program to the city of Charlotte on May 1, 1973.
UNC Charlotte Special Collections & University Archives (SCUA) staff are collaborating by providing digitization services and historical research for the multi-year project funded by the Knight Foundation, the National Park Service, and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The Brooklyn neighborhood in Charlotte’s Second Ward was a thriving African American community prior to the 1960s, when the Charlotte Redevelopment Commission razed it in several stages to make way for Government Plaza buildings along with several other structures and thoroughfares. The JCSU project strives to connect the past with the present, working with Duke University’s Digital Humanities Lab to incorporate digitized images into an augmented reality website designed to recreate the landscape of Brooklyn and other Black neighborhoods.
Detail of map of the Brooklyn Section 5 Project Area, 1966 (revised 1970).
SCUA is supporting these efforts by digitizing larger format maps, ranging in size from 30-48 inches on the longest edge. (Some are so large they must be stitched together from two or more captures). Created by the Charlotte Redevelopment Commission, they show the disproportionate impact of urban renewal on Charlotte’s Black neighborhoods, Brooklyn in particular. They document the terrain of Charlotte’s primary “urban renewal” zones prior to redevelopment and delineate planned changes to the areas. Some will help pinpoint the locations of businesses and homes that were destroyed.
SCUA is also collaborating on research for the project, referencing several collections that are held here. Among these is the Charlotte Redevelopment Commission records, which contains images of houses, businesses, and residents in the Brooklyn community. In addition, SCUA holds oral history interviews of Brooklyn residents that were conducted as part of a graduate class project directed by Associate Professor of History Karen Flint in 2007. These records and others provide a rare opportunity to contextualize a historical event from both sides of the fence.
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Information taken from:
"Atkins staff supports JCSU in recreating 'a virtual sense of place,'" by Adreonna Bennett, Rita Johnston, and Stacy Rue.
J. Murray Atkins Library, Special Collections and University Archives. "Charlotte Redevelopment Commission Records." Collection Identifier: MS0350.
“We have to do with the past only as we can make it useful to the present and the future.” – Frederick Douglass